Whether a long way off or just around the corner, many people look forward to the prospect of retirement. However, considering how to pay for it can be daunting. Almost 30% of people over the age of 55 are unsure if they will be able to retire on their current savings, according to research1.
Four out of five Britons are dissatisfied with the amount they are putting into their pension fund each month, while one in four people regret not starting to save for retirement sooner.
A Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) retirement income study has pointed to some of the risks faced by individuals with pensions who are approaching retirement.
As people approach retirement, it is imperative they take financial advice. The FCA has reported that non-advised people almost always remain with their existing pension provider instead of shopping around.
Half of people are taking their pension savings out but not actually spending them. Instead, they are investing the proceeds into other products, such as cash, Individual Savings Accounts or buy-to-let properties. These actions will result in them giving up the advantages that pensions offer, such as future tax-free investment growth.
Pensions are not included in an individual’s estate on death, which means Inheritance Tax of up to 40% will not apply. They used to be subject to a separate ‘pensions death tax’ but this has been removed as part of the pension freedom reforms. Now any unused drawdown funds can be passed on and will be tax-free or taxed at the beneficiaries’ marginal rate of Income Tax.
The FCA report says 72% of pension pots are accessed before age 65, and individuals rarely consider ‘the future and any of the broader issues around how much they would need to live off’. Many people want to retire early, but it is important to ensure that won’t leave an income shortfall later on. A lot of people underestimate how long they will live for.
Drawdown has surged in popularity versus annuities. Before going into drawdown, however, people should consider which option best suits their needs. For instance, if they cannot afford for their pension to run out, considering an annuity may be more appropriate. Or they may decide to combine drawdown with an annuity to balance flexibility with security.
Many people have a good portion of their wealth tied up in their home. Relying on their home in retirement is difficult, and accessing it isn’t always simple. However, it is possible to access that wealth through equity release schemes or downsizing.
1 Pension Geeks
A PENSION IS A LONG-TERM INVESTMENT. THE FUND VALUE MAY FLUCTUATE AND CAN GO DOWN, WHICH WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS AVAILABLE.
PENSIONS ARE NOT NORMALLY ACCESSIBLE UNTIL AGE 55. YOUR PENSION INCOME COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY INTEREST RATES AT
THE TIME YOU TAKE YOUR BENEFITS. THE TAX IMPLICATIONS OF PENSION WITHDRAWALS WILL BE BASED ON YOUR INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES, TAX LEGISLATION AND REGULATION, WHICH ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE IN THE FUTURE.
YOUR HOME OR PROPERTY MAY BE REPOSSESSED IF YOU DO NOT KEEP UP REPAYMENTS ON YOUR MORTGAGE.